Moon Gardening

Gardening by Moon’s Phases in the Signs

The lunar phases mainly govern what types of planting to do and what type of activity is best. The gravitational pull influences the moisture in the soil. It is also considered unwise to plant or move any plants on the day when the Moon changes phase, so leave 12 hours on either side of each phase. Choose Barren signs in the Waning phase to harvest your crop for storage. Pick fruits and vegetables for immediate consumption during the Waxing phase.

During the increasing or waxing light—from New Moon to Full Moon—plant annuals that produce their yield above the ground. An annual is a plant that completes its entire life cycle within one growing season and has to be seeded each year. During the decreasing or waning light—from Full Moon to New Moon—plant biennials, perennials, and bulb and root plants. Biennials include crops that are planted one season to winter over and produce crops the next, such as winter wheat. Perennials and bulb and root plants include all plants that grow from the same root each year.

A simpler, less-accurate rule is to plant crops that produce above the ground during the waxing Moon, and to plant crops that produce below the ground during the waning Moon, Thus the old adage, “Plant potatoes during the dark of the Moon.” Llewellyn Georges system divided the lunar month into quarters. The first two from New Moon to Full. Moon are the first and second quarters, and the last two from Full Moon to New Moon the third and fourth quarters. Using these divisions, we can increase our accuracy in timing our efforts to coincide with natural forces. Learn more about moon phases ‘Calendars through the ages’.

First Quarter Plant annuals producing their yield above the ground, which are generally of the leafy kind that produce their seed outside the fruit. Some examples are asparagus, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, celery, cress, endive, kohlrabi, lettuce, pars ley, and spinach. Cucumbers are an exception, as they do best in the first quaver rather than the second, even though the seeds are inside the fruit. Also plant cereals and grains.

Second Quarter Plant annuals producing their yield above the ground, which are generally of the leafy kind that produce their seed inside the fruit. Some examples include beans, eggplant, melons, peas, peppers, pumpkins, squash, tomatoes, etc. These are not hard-and-last divisions. If you can’t plant during the first quarter, plant during the second, and vice versa. There are many plants that seem to do equally well planted in either quarter, such as water-melon, hay, and cereals and grains.

Third Quarter Plant biennials, perennials, bulbs, root plants, trees, shrubs, berries, grapes, strawberries, beets, carrots, onions, parsnips, rutabagas, potatoes, radishes, peanuts, rhubarb, turnips, winter wheat, etc.

Fourth Quarter This is the best time to cultivate, turn sod, pill weeds, and destroy pests of all kinds, especially when the Moon is in Aries, Leo, Virgo, Gemini, Aquarius, and Sagittarius.

Plant flowers and vegetables that bear crops above ground during the light, or waxing, of the Moon: from the day the Moon is new to the day it is full.

Plant flowering bulbs and vegetables that bear crops below ground during the dark, or waning, of the Moon: from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again.